2015 1(16)

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200 - 206





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Messerle V.E.1,2, Ustimenko A.B.3,4

1Институт проблем горения МОН РК, Almaty, Kazakhstan
2 Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
3 Scientific Research Institute of Experimental and theoretical physics of AL-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
4 STU "Plazmotekhnika", Almaty, Kazakhstan


Messerle, V.E. and Ustimenko, A.B., (2015) Plasma processing of gaseous and solid fuels, Modern Science: Researches, Ideas, Results, Technologies, Iss. #1(16), PP. 200 - 206.


gasification; pyrolysis; plasma reactor; fuel; plasma torch; thermochemical pre-combustion; hydrogenation; complex processing of coal


The results of long-term studies of plasma-chemical technology of pyrolysis, hydrogenation, thermo-chemical pre-combustion, gasification, plasma radiation and complex processing of solid fuels, including uranium-bearing shales, and cracking of hydrocarbon gases are presented. The application of these technologies to produce the desired products (hydrogen, carbon, hydrocarbon gases, synthesis gas, valuable components of coal mineral matter) is a high ecological and economic requirements of the power industry, metallurgy and chemical industry. Plasma fuel technologies are characterized by low residence time of the reactants in the reactor and a high conversion of raw materials to the desired products without the use of catalysts. Thermo-chemical preparation of fuel for combustion is carried out in a plasma-fuel system, which is a reaction chamber with a plasma torch, while the remaining fuel use plasma technology are carried out in a plasma-chemical reactor of combined type with nominal capacity of 100 kW, in which the zone of heat release from an electric arc is combined with the zone of chemical reactions.


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